An Overview of the Canary Islands
Which country do the Canary Islands belong to? Geographically described as Archipelago (Group of Islands) are in actual fact provinces of Spain. They are located in the Atlantic Ocean, adjacent to North African, 65 miles off the Morocco Coastline and running along the coastal straights of Sahara Desert. The Canary Islands, ‘Islas Canarias’ are a cluster of 7 principal Islands; They are listed from the largest of the Islands to the smaller inhabited Islands: Tenerife, Fuerteventura Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, Gomera & Hierro, with numerous smaller/micro Islands.
The Canary Islands have been inhabited for thousands of years. Its original settlers were Berbers from North Africa, who were are also referred to as the Guanches, the aboriginal tribes with evidence of their occupation dating back to at least 100BC which dates from a pre-Arab era and the Romans, of course, were there taking advantage of the advantage the ‘Trade Winds’ gave all travellers & traders a swift passage from one Continent to another. The Canary Islands name is derived from the Latin; ‘Canariae Insulae’ meaning “Islands of the Dogs.”
The Canary Islands Climate:
Classified as a sub-tropical climate due to the diverse landscapes and the closeness to Africa within the Atlantic Ocean, due to these factors, many of the Islands or parts of the Islands enjoy hot summers and clement winters, with many of the Islands enjoying a microclimate. Naturally, the Islands closest to Africa in the East tend to experience a hotter and drier Climate to those that are situated more West. The Canary Islands will provide a Spring-like weather all year round with temperatures ranging from 18oC to 24 oC. There are on average 3000hours of sunlight a year with 4800hrs of daylight, which makes them the sunniest in Europe!
How to get to the Canary Islands?
The Canary Islands are situated on the most Southerly point of Europe. There are plenty of daily flights to take you to any of the three largest Islands, Tenerife, Gran Canaria and Lanzarote.
How do I get from one Island to another?
Tenerife South Gran Canaries
Puerto Rico Gran Canaria
Island of El Hierro
The Coral Reef around the Islands
Las Palmas Gran Canaria